• Welcome to Mrs. Chakoian's

    Science Home Page

    slchakoian@d47.org

    815-788-5450

     

    Sept - Nov. - Hydrosphere - Water is a remarkable substance and a critical element of life on Earth.

    Students learn the physical attributes of water.

    Students learn how water is distributed on the planet and why fresh water is scarce and precious.

    Students learn how water moves around the planet in its various matter states.

    Students learn how rivers shape the land and provide transportation and habitat and water.

    Groundwater is a resource for millions around the world.  Students learn the vocabulary associated with water underground and the connections to the hydrologic cycle and to the hydrosphere.

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    Week of Monday, December 2nd - Friday, Dec. 6th

     

     

     

     

    Quiz on Tuesday, December 10th covers:  all water cycle terms and placement of terms in a diagram, groundwater terms and diagrams, questions from warm-ups and book pages about groundwater

     

    Use study Guide for "Groundwater" Water on Earth CH1:  Section 3 

    Know all water cycle terms and definitions and reservoirs.

    Water cycle review links: Water ManWater Moleculeswater cycle animationp.5 textbook diagram, Quizlet games by Connor Frey

    Know the definitions of the following terms and where to place the features on a diagram.

    • zone of aeration (unsaturated zone)
    • zone of saturation
    • ground water
    • water table
    • aquifer – definition
    • porosity – definition
    • pores (pore space)
    • permeability – definition 
    • recharge zone
    • sinkhole
    • well - be able to identify a good location for a well

    Monday, December 2nd - In class - Review groundwater terms and diagrams and learn about "wells".  If absent - read pages 14 - 16 in "Groundwater" and take notes and watch "Where is the Water Table". In class we started a graphic organizer about aquifers.

     

    Tuesday, December 3rd - Complete "aquifer organizer" with partner. "Bread Activity" in lab groups. (You can do this at home by putting a drop of food dye at the top of the bread slice then sray with water and observe how the dye infiltrates.) Read more about "groundwater pollution" - understand point and non-point pollution. If absent, look this up and read about it on your own. It's not linked.  You'll have to borrow the red book when you return and read pages 19, 22 & 23 and fill in the "Aquifer" organizer.

     

    Wednesday, December 4th - Watch groundwater video clip and listen to song to learn more about groundwater and types of pollution.

    Review of water cycle and terms. 

    Begin "Journey of a Water Drop". (Story, cartoon, skit). Requirements will be handed out.

     

     

    Thursday, December 5th - (Mrs. Moehling will sub while I am at a science meeting.) Watch Bill Nye "Water Cycle". "Groundwater" review sheet assigned

    Begin "Journey of a Water Drop". (Story, cartoon, skit). 

     

    Friday, December 6th - Review for Tuesday's quiz. (You need to know the water cycle terms.)

     

     

     

     

     

    Monday, December 9th

     

     

     

    Review "States of Matter" and the properties for solids, liquids, and gases.  Know the process terms for changing matter between states. Due Wednesday: Read the article and highlight the information about how energy moves during evaporation, condensation, freezing, melting.

     

     

     

     

    Monday, December 9th

    Heat transfer Lab 1.3. Lab sheet due by Wednesday.

    , November  18th and Tuesday, November 19th - Watch Eureka Evaporation & condensation and add to notes.  Complete carefully and turn in Lab sheet  Lab 1.3 Act 2 done in class. This will be graded.

     

    Wednesday, November 20th - Evening Conferences. Watch matter video and complete notes. More info about matter.

    Read about "Groundwater"  and write the definitions of the terms. and diagram from textbook.

     

    Thursday, Nov 21st - Add to groundwater notes and add diagram shown in class.

     

    Friday, Nov 22nd - If absent , look on youtube and watch "Water's Journey: Hidden Rivers of Florida" all parts and write a one paragraph description of the video. Due Monday Dec 2nd. I've tried to link it but you may have to look it up.

     

     

    Last Week

    Lesson - "States of Matter" Solids Liquids and Gases .We'll watch Brainpop "Matter" (LMS 47, lions) and Eureka animation. (Shown in class - Matter video from BBC ) and take notes.

     

     

    Tuesday, November 12th -Absent?? We'll watch Brainpop "Matter" (LMS 47, lions) . Take notes in your spiral about solids, liquids, and gases.

    Assignment: Read about "matter" pages 4-7 . Add notes about matter from these pages (solids, liquids, or gasses). Due Thursday.

     

     

    Wednesday, November 13th -

    Show students two pieces of brown paper towel. Dampen one with water so that the color appears darker than the dry piece of paper towel. Select a student to feel the difference between the two paper towels now, and again at the end of the class period. Place both paper towels up in a prominent location.

    • Ask students:
      • What do you think will happen to the paper towel by the end of class?  How would this change if we placed a wet paper towel in the refrigerator?  Outside in the sun?
      • It takes time for the paper towel to dry.  What could we do to speed up this process? What could we do to slow it down?
      • Brainstorm with your group members:  How could you test your predictions?  

     

    Thursday, November 14th - Lab 1.3 Act 2 done in class.  Begin lab questions.  whiteboard discussion.This will be turned in on Monday. 

    Go to the “Evaporation” animation      (http://www.middleschoolchemistry.com/multimedia/chapter2/lesson2#evaporation

    Be able to answer: Based upon this animation, what does the term evaporation mean?

     Share notes from reading assignment about "matter" pages 4-7 

    Friday, November 15th - Field trip to Well and Water Tower during science class.

     

     

    Last week Nov 4th - 8th 

    Monday, November 4th - Continue exploration and make corrections as a class to "1.2 Particle Motion". Hot and Cold liquids

     Tuesday, November 5th -Assignment given out in class or accessible here. Hot /Cold Closure Review  - Due Wednesday

     Wednesday, November 6th - Test review and practice. Last day to turn in late work for 1st trimester.

     

     Friday Test over 1.1 and 1.2 - see below

    Cohesion - when a substance sticks to itself or is attracted to itself like water to water

    Adhesion - when a substance sticks to a different substance like water to paper towel

    Surface Tension - the tight connection of water particles at the surface which forma a "skin" or barrier like the surface tension allowing the paper clip to stay at the surface

    Capillary Action - when water moves into the pore spaces in a material and due to adhesion and cohesion and surface tension, the water moves up - like water moving up the paper towel from beaker to beaker.

    Diffusion - The movement of molecules from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration. More diffusion

    "How Sticky" WS 

     Closure questions 1.1

    Closure 1.2 key

     

    Review using these clips and short videos:

    Cheerios

    Particles in liquid

    Heating and cooling a liquid  

     Previous lessons

    Thursday, Oct 31st -  Understanding Particles in a liquid

    Wednesday, October 23rd - (Early Release) Lab 1.1 Act 2 Exploring liquids - Assignment is to complete the front of the lab sheet.

     Thursday, October 24th - Evaluation of self and group members. Demonstration and complete the lab sheet.

    Friday, October 25th - Assignment: "How Sticky" WS is due Tuesday.  Time given in class on Fri.

     

    Monday and Tuesday - October 28th - Watch the watercycle  movie. (You may need to copy the link to view it.)  Read textbook p. 5  (Sorry I can't link this.  See me for a copy of the page if you need one.) Copy the definitions of the process words from p. 5 into your spiral. Copy the diagram into your spiral.

    Tuesday, Oct. 15th - 

    In class we will do 1.1 Act 1 Lab 2 . If the lab sheet isn't completed in class, take it home and finish it. Quiz over Water Properties and labs next Tuesday. Notes to know for the quiz include:

    • Matter has the properties of mass (amount of material in something) and volume (amount of space something takes up.)
    • Liquids have different properties from solids.  For example, liquids take the shape of a container and liquids are pourable.
    • Water is liquid with special properties which we explored in class. Water is attracted to (sticks to) other water and forms drops. Water also sticks to some other solid materials. Water forms a film or skin at the surface, like when the paper clip stayed at the surface ("floated")(Next week the terms for these properties will be learned.)

     

    Wednesday, Oct 16th - 1.1 Act 1 Lab 3. If the lab sheet isn't completed in class, take it home and finish it.

    In class paper towel demonstration.  

     

    Thursday, Oct. 17th - Class discussion of 1.1 Act 1 labs 1-3 with whiteboards  We go over lab sheets.  Time to work on "Closure Questions". Assignment: Closure questions are due Monday. Do a complete and thorough job.  This will be your study guide for the quiz on Tuesday.

     

    Friday, October 18th - Time to work on Closure questions. Watch this clip about "Water Striders" and the paper towel rainbow demo.

     

    Monday Oct. 21st -"Closure" questions are due. We will go over them in class.  It is your "Study Guide" for the quiz on Tuesday. All lab 3 sheets for 1.1 should be in your folder. Lab sheets and closure sheet will be collected on Tuesday during the quiz.  Warm-ups since 10/7 will also be collected.

    New Terms:(should be in your science spiral)

    Hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of Earth.

    Reservoirs - natural storage places of water on Earth such as the oceans, clouds, rivers, groundwater ...  

     Reservoirs and processes link. (Be sure you know these terms.)

     

    Monday Oct 7th: Water Activity (1.1 Act 1 Lab 1) and be sure lab sheets have been completed. If absent, I think you can do this at home.  Your parents can help you find the supplies.

     

    Tuesday Oct.8th:"Processes that move water throughout the hydrosphere." Read p. 4 pages 4-7in text book"

    Reservoirs and processes link.

     Thursday Oct. 10th - "Processes that move water throughout the hydrosphere."  Begin learning process terms Reservoirs and processes and p. 4 pages 4 link and filling in chart.

     

    Friday Oct. 11 - Assignment: be sure the In/Out chart is complete. Otherwise no assignment.  If absent: Watch the watercycle  movie. (You may need to copy the link to view it.)

    Link images on your hydrosphere posters using process words.  Be sure arrows go in the right direction. 

    Next week: Properties of water, "watersheds" and water cycle processes.

     Last Week

    New Terms:(should be in your science spiral)

    Hydrosphere (from Greek hydōr, "water" and sphaira, "sphere") is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet.

    Reservoirs - natural storage places of water on Earth such as the seas, clouds, rivers, groundwater ...  

    Permission slip goes home for the walk to the lake. It's due by Friday.

     

    Tuesday, Oct. 1st - Watch Bill Nye "Seasons" and work on Hydrosphere Posters in class. 

    ("Which Witch" means dress as twins with a friend.)

     

    Wednesday, Oct. 2nd - Notes about "matter" and activity investigating the properties of water.  Finish hydrosphere posters. 

    (Spirit Week - wear flannel)

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     Lessons from 2018/2019

    May 6th - "Evidence of Continental Drift" notes and watch "brainpop-  Plate Tectonics" .  Fossil Safari Map is due by the end of the day. Quiz on Friday. Review and study every night! (pgs 88 - 101)

    (See last weeks assignments and notes.)

    Tuesday, May 7th & Wednesday - Review sheet assigned - Due Thursday. If absent, watch Brainpop "Plate Tectonics" and take notes.  Read pages 99 -101. Write all terms and draw  diagrams.

    Wednesday, May 8th - (MAP Testing) Complete review questions. Quiz review in class.

    Thursday, May 9th (MAP Testing) Study for the quiz: know the Earth layers on pages 88 - 91 and the concepts, vocab and facts on pages 95 - 97 and 100 & 101.  Most of that was covered in the brainpop "Plate tectonics" and notes taken in class and info on the review assignment worksheet.  You'll need to be able to list the evidence for continental drift.

    Friday, May 10th Quiz over pages 88 - 104.  Use book notes and review page  

     

    last week

    Take your book and notes home every night and study for Thursday's quiz over Minerals and Rocks pages 4 & 5 and 8 - 32.

    Monday, April 22nd - Copy rock cycle diagram from pgs. 28 & 29.  Read page 30 carefully.  Study for Thursday's quiz.

     Tuesday, April 23rd - Fill out practice quiz page about Rock cycle. Read over p. 30 and understand the diagram. Watch Brainpop "Rock Cycle" and take the quiz. (LMS47 and password is lions)

    Wednesday, April 24th - (Early Release) Quiz review and mining discussion. pgs 14 & 15  and answer these questions for Friday.

    1) Name 3 important minerals needed for today's manufacturing and technology, 2) Where do these minerals come from? 3) How does mining cause water pollution ? 4) How else is the environment negatively impacted by mining? 4) What can you recycle or reuse to reduce the need for mining?

     Thursday, April 25th - Quiz over minerals (What is a mineral p. 4) and mineral identification tests 8-11.) Rock types and rock cycle.  Read book pages aand all notes and diagrams and use pgs. 18 (sec. 1 & 2) to review and p. 38 (section 1).

     Friday, April 26th - Begin chapter 4 "layers of the Earth".

     Mon15th - Go over your notes about minerals from pages 4-5 and 8 - 11.  Read it if you haven't done that.

     Tuesday, April 16th - Mineral ID discussion. 

    "Sedimentary Rocks" read pages 37-40.  Be able to explain how sedimentary rocks form.

    Wednesday, April 17th - Notes given in class about Igneous Rocks (pgs 33-36) and "Sedimentary Rocks" read pages 37-40.  Be able to explain how sedimentary and igneous rocks form. 

    Thursday, April 18th - "The Rock Cycle" Copy the diagram on page 28 & 29. Quiz is next Thursday

    Wednesday, April 10th - Read and write  "mineral notes" from page 4 (due Monday) 4 & 5 (Minerals)

     Thursday, April 11th - Complete mineral identification sheet by going through the mineral ID virtual lab

     

     

     

     

    Previous weeks

    Monday - Review for quiz and continue cloud projects

     

    Tuesday - Quiz It's over pages over pages 36 - 47 including water cycle terms. Use your study packet and notes (cloud steps and cloud types) to prepare.

    Wednesday- Present cloud projects.

    Assignment due Thursday: Read pages 44-47 and take notes about the types of air masses and draw diagrams of the 4 types of fronts in her science spiral notebook.

    Thursday and Friday - discuss fronts and weather predictions

     

    Monday, March 11th - Watch cloud video and take notes to add to cloud section of your spiral. Continue cloud poster project in class.

     

    Tuesday, March 12th - Read pages 42-43 and take notes about kinds of precipitation. Continue cloud project.

     Wednesday, March 13th  Review packet assigned. Continue cloud projects (due Monday). 

     hursday, March 14th (IAR testing) - Air Mass activity & air mass notes or whiteboarding.

     Friday, March 15th - Notes about weather "fronts" .Quiz review and finish cloud projects. 

     Tuesday, March 5th - "Water in the Air". Read pages 36 -39 and write the definitions of the purple words in your science spiral. Complete the graph and turn it in.

    Thursday, March 7th - Cloud formation notes and cloud research and project.

    Steps of Cloud Formation - 

    1) Water vapor is added to the air through evaporation or transpiration

    2) Warm air rises and cools

    3) Air becomes saturated (reaches dew point)

    4) Water vapor condenses on particles of salt, dust, or smoke.

    5) Millions of droplets collect to form a cloud.

     

    Water Cycle/ States of Matter Energy Transfer.  Complete diagram.

    Tuesday, February 19th - Review "types of heat transfer".  If absent, use the symbaloo links above and p. 11 to review.  Assignment: Complete the reading and question page about energy/heat transfer. If absent watch Bill Nye "Heat".

      Thursday, February 21st - Graph January temperatures using your weather log.  Make a graph on graph paper with temperatures on the vertical axis and dates 18th - 31st on horizontal axis.  Plot the temperatures from your weather log. You won't have all of the dates.  Just record what you have.

     

    Friday, February 22nd - Notes and discussion about "Greenhouse Effect".  Add definitions of "Greenhouse Effect" and the three steps from page 12, "Global Warming" and "radiation balance" to your notes. (p.12 -13) Watch Brainpop "Greenhouse Effect" (LMS47 and Password lions)

     

    Friday, March 1st -  "Wind" - Read pages 14 - top of 16 and copy the definition of "wind" into your spiral.  Also copy the first four sentences on p. 14 under "Why Air Moves".  Watch Bill Nye "Wind". (Look at Land and Sea Breeze diagrams.)

     

    Wednesday, February 27th -  All take "Heating the Atmosphere" quiz

     

    Energy or heat transfer - When fast-moving atoms or molecules hit slower-moving atoms or molecules and increase the speed of the slower (cooler) molecules, heat is transferred.This is called conduction.

    Conduction is the transfer of heat from one material to anothr by direct contact.

    Convection - movement of heat through a fluid as warm air or water rises and cool air or water sinks

    Radiation is the energy in the form of light and electromagnetic waves that reaches Earth from the Sun.  Fire, lamps, heat coils, and microwave ovens also warm objects with electromagnetic waves that travel through air or space.

     

    February 11 -  How is the Earth heated by the sun?  What does the position of the Earth have to do with it?  Watch this video if absent.                                                                

     

    Tuesday, February 12 - Copy the diagram from p.10 into your spiral notebook. Think about reflection and absorbtion of the sun's energy. Read this booklet and be able to answer the questions. How is the Earth is heated by the sun? What parts of the Earth absorb more energy and get hotter and which surfaces reflect more energy and stay cooler?

     

    Wednesday, February 13 - Assignment: read pages 10 & 11 and copy the 3 vocabulary words into your spiral. (radiation, conduction, convection)

     

     

    Previous Weeks

    Atmosphere Quiz - You need to know this information even after the quiz. 

    Quiz Thursday, Feb 7th over book pages 4-10 and over notes. Know the following:

    • Definitions of atmosphere, air pressure, altitude (p. 4 & 5)
    • Weather is the condition of the atmosphere at a particular time and place.
    • Composition of the atmosphere (p. 4 what gases? what percents?)
    • Be able to match characteristics with each layer of the atmosphere (pages 7 -9 and in notes and on diagram.)
    • "Pressure decreases as altitude increases" be able to explain why this happens. 
    • Air has properties of mass and volume and weight and pressure.  Be able to explain how we know this is true. (How could it be demonstrated? This is in your notes.)
    • Why is the atmosphere important to life on Earth? Review Bill Nye notes and rewatch Brainpop "Atmosphere" (lms47 lions)                                                                            

     

     

    Tuesday, January 22nd - Properties of Light notes from activity 2.2. View video clips. Find on You tube and watch Bill Nye "Light, Optics". 

     

    Wednesday, January 23rd (Early Release Day) - Review "Atmosphere" notes and demo. Be able to draw particle view of warm and cool air understanding the differences in density.

     

    Thursday, January 24th - Air Pressure demo. Review "Atmosphere" notes and demo. Be able to draw particle view of warm and cool air understanding the differences in density.

     

    Friday, January 25th - Review "Atmosphere" notes and demo. Be able to draw particle view of warm and cool air understanding the differences in density.(1:00 PBIS Spirit Assembly)

     Tuesday, January 15th - In class we'll discuss pages 6 & 7 and write a few notes about the layers of the atmosphere.  Watch Brain pop "Atmosphere" if you are absent and take notes.

    Wednesday, January 16th - Complete notes about properties of air. Discuss air pressure.  (Look up you-tube "egg in bottle air pressure video.)  Watch Bill Nye "Atmosphere" and complete the movie questions.

    Thursday, January 17th - 

    Begin "What is Light?" and "What are the properties of light?" Discussion and research activity (2.2).   Assignment: Begin weather journal.  Complete one entry over the long weekend.  

    Monday, January 7th - Welcome back!  Video and discussion of "Scientific Discoveries of 2018. Begin 2.1 - Discussion and ppt. of Earth Spheres.  ( 2.1 quiz next Monday over this lesson.)

     Tuesday, January 8th - Complete Earth Spheres 2.1 Activity sheet - and begin partner acivity.  Assignment: Read and highlight article about Earth Spheres due Wednesday.  Be sure definitions and notes are complete. 

    Thursday, January 10th - (MAP Testing) Continue BN " Erosion" as it relates to sphere interaction. Begin "What is Light?" and "What are the properties of light?" Discussion and research activity (2.2).

     Friday, January 11th - (End of Term 3) Quiz on Monday over 2.1 "Earth Spheres".  Be sure to review your notes.

     Previous weeks

    Monday, December 10th - Fill in River Diagram and watch Florida Aquifer movie.

    Tuesday, December 11th - Groundwater activity and quiz review. Start "Hydrosphere" diagram.

    Wednesday, December 12th - Hydrosphere diagram project

    Thursday, December 13th - Open - note quiz "Hydrosphere - Water on Earth"

    Friday - Condensation lab

    Dec 3rd - Read pages 14 -16 and write the purple vocabulary words and their definitions in your spiral on a new page for "Ground Water". Also copy the diagram into your spiral.(You do not need to write "Artesian Spring" but please write a definition for "well" even though it's not purple.) This is due Wednesday.

     Tuesday, December 4th - Class periods 1, 3, & 4 will go on the Water Plant field trip during regular science time.  2nd period will continue to study "groundwater".

     Wednesday, December 5th - Continue information about "Groundwater" and "Water Cycle".

     Week of November 26th - November 30th

    ***Quiz on Friday over Water Cycle Terms and 1.3 labs (Link below) including definitions and particle diagrams.

    Water cycle review links: Water Man, Water Molecules, water cycle animation, p.5 textbook diagram, Quizlet games by Connor Frey

     Tuesday, November 27th -  Lab 1.3 Activity 2 - Lab questions due Wedesday. Water cycle terms reviewed. (You should know these.)

    Wednesday, November 28th - (2nd Period Field trip) "Water Cycle" reading and highlighting. Make water cycle flash cards.

    Thursday, November 29th - Condensation activity and water cycle review - Quiz is tomorrow. Know definitions and be ableto draw particle changes that occur with changes from liquid to gas or gas to liquid.

    Friday, November 30th - Quiz over water cycle terms and Lab 1.3.

     Tuesday, November 13th - 1.2 Activity 2 continues in class.  Be sure you can define and explain "evaporation".

     Wednesday, November 14th - (Early Release Day - Parents can view report cards on-line) No additional assignment. Have your permission slip signed.

     Thursday, November 15th - "Water Cycle" notes. Conferences begin after school from 5 - 7:30 in the lower gym. No sign-ups needed, just bring your parents and come with your chromebook.

    Last week - Discuss wetlands, rivers, and flooding. Started reading from textbook and answering questions.

     November 6th - Quizzes returned.  Continue readings about rivers, wetlands and flooding. If absent, try the Virtual Watershed Tour, (If absent, you will receive materials when you return.)

    Wednesday, November 7th - Lab investigations continue with a look at "Conduction of energy" (1.3 Activity 1). Lab sheet is due Thursday.(Time given in class to complete it.) View "Heated Spoon" scroll across to view all images and models. Read words carefully.  Make changes to your lab sheet if you want to.

    Friday, November 9th - (Veterans' breakfast and assembly in the morning.) View these clips about heat transfer.  Does this give you ideas for making any changes on your 1.3 Lab sheet? Make changes then turn in lab sheet. Now finish your "Active River" questions and turn it in.  More time?  Finish your "Wetlands" sheet. (Sheets are in the tray and Wetland books are on the counter.)

    Monday, October 29th - Whiteboards completed for Closure questions. (Key for correct answers to closure questions. )

    ***Quiz Friday - It will cover 1.1 terms and 1.2 labs including cohesion,adhesion, surface tension, capillary action, particle motion in hot and cold, diffusion drawings and definitions, and properties of solids, liquids, and gasses.See the links on this page under "October 25th" and see definitions and links. (Study your notes about this!) 

    Review for quiz (November 2nd) by reading these pages.

    Read these pages 4-7 and p. 11  about "Properties and definition of Matter" including volume and mass.

    States of Matter pages 30 - 31 and 32.

     Tuesday, October 30th - In class finish river posters.  Study for the quiz.

    Wednesday - Halloween - Costumes may be worn to school. In-class - 1.3 lab.

     Thursday - November 1st - Quiz review.  Continue at home to go over all links on this page and papers and notes in your spiral.

    Know all vocabulary and be able to give examples from class from Unit 1 below

    Cohesion - when a substance sticks to itself or is attracted to itself like water to water

    Adhesion - when a substance sticks to a different substance like water to paper towel

    Surface Tension - the tight connection of water particles at the surface which forma a "skin" or barrier like the surface tension allowing the paper clip to stay at the surface

    Capillary Action - when water moves into the pore spaces in a material and due to adhesion and cohesion and surface tension, the water moves up - like water moving up the paper towel from beaker to beaker.

    Diffusion - The movement of molecules from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration.

     

    Monday, Oct. 22nd - "River" information - read these pages and do sedimentator activity. In class read "Flow" booklet.

    Tuesday, October 23rd - Be sure you have vocabulary words from pages 7 & 8 in your notes.  If you were absent today, please read pages 9&10 and choose one of the river stages and write 3 bullet points of information for it.

     Wednesday, October 24th - Watch Bill Nye Lakes and Ponds.  Read Kids Discover "Wetlands" magazine. Know the definition of wetlands, lakes, and ponds. These are surface water reservoirs. (If absent, you'll need to get the sheets for these and the materials when you return.)

     Thursday, October 25th - Review particle model of heating and cooling a liquid , solids and liquids then review diffusion and "1.2 Particles" activity.  Watch video clips. (Also see clip below.) Assignment -  "1.2 Closure" questions due Friday. (Diffusion is the movement of molecules from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration.)

    Heating and cooling a liquid

    Diffusion powerpoint 

    Explanation and definition of diffusion https://drive.google.com/open?id=1F8T3CSCS9yoWhR4K4UxiQMYJSn80G9PzQcVYiScPdHU

    Monday, Oct 15th - In class we did 1.2 Act 1. View a similar demo on youtube if you were absent.

    Tuesday, Oct. 16th - continue 1.2.View a similar demo about diffusion. Answers to 1.2 lab done in class.

    Tuesday, October 9th - In class, we went over the "How Sticky" lab sheet and "Investigating Water Closure" was assigned.

    Wednesday, October 10th - In class we will discuss the assignment and review for the quiz.  Notes will be added to "Properties of Matter p.11".  Watch the video at this link and add to your notes ... not on the quiz for Thurs.

    Thursday, October 11th - Quiz 1.1.  

    Monday, Oct. 1st - In-class we continued Activity 1.1 water properties.

    Wednesday, Oct. 3rd - How Sticky Lab sheet is due Thursday.  

    Thursday, Oct. 4th - Notes given about "Properties of Matter" solids, liquids, and gasses. "Water Properties" continues. (Activity 1.1 Activity 2 Lab 1 is due.)

    Assignment:  "How Sticky" 

     For Quiz - Matter Video to review most of the terms. 

    Know all vocabulary and be able to give examples from class from Unit 1 below

    Cohesion - when a substance sticks to itself or is attracted to itself like water to water

    Adhesion - when a substance sticks to a different substance like water to paper towel

    Surface Tension - the tight connection of water particles at the surface which forma a "skin" or barrier like the surface tension allowing the paper clip to stay at the surface

    Capillary Action - when water moves into the pore spaces in a material and due to adhesion and cohesion and surface tension, the water moves up - like water moving up the paper towel from beaker to beaker.

    Diffusion - The movement of molecules from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration.

     Set up new section in your science spiral "Water and the Hydrosphere". Class discussion of how we use water in our lives and where it is found in nature on Earth.

    Assignment: Read this page about water usage  and write or type and print  a one paragraph response to the information in the article. (What did you learn? How do you feel about this? How might it change your actions?) Due Thursday.

    Thursday, Sept. 20th - Reading response is due. For absence or review use the following links and take notes.  Hydrosphere notes about watersheds (drainage basins) and divides.  (Link to ppt.) and read over p. 6 watch Brainpop "Rivers". (lms47 and p-word is lions.)

    Friday, Sept. 21st - Watershed lesson continues.  We answered questions about the Illinois watershed map.  If absent, make this up at lunch when you return. 

    Week of Sept. 10th - Sept. 14th

    • Scientific Observation - Qualitative and Quantitative Observation
    • Inference
    • Scientific Thinking and Process
    • Measurements using metric rulers (length in cm), graduated cylinders(Volume in milliliters, balances (Mass in grams
    • Science: the study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment.

    Qualitative Observation: observations made using the 5 human senses - sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell.

    Quantitative Observation: Observations made by measuring or counting. Thes observations have numbers in them.

    Inference: a logical explanation based on ones observations. (Ex. A boy comes into the classroom out of breath so my inference is that he has been running outside.)

    Definitions of tools, measurement units, and types of measurement are found on page 111 of the book.

    Meniscus: is the curve in the upper surface of a liquid close to the surface of the container

    Monday, September 10th - "Mystery Box" discussion. Learn to measure volume using graduated cylinders.   Quiz will be Friday.   See measurement page

     Tuesday, September 11th - Learn to measure volume using graduated cylinders. Assignment: Write the steps for accurate measurement of volume using a graduated cylinder in your science notebook. Read measurement page.

     Wednesday, September 12th - Learn how to measure "mass" with a balance.  The units used are grams.

    Review scientific processes on this page and in your notes.  Watch "brainpop scientific method" (brainpop.com) to review. (lms47 is login and "lions" is password)

    Thursday, September 13th - (Parents' Night is 6:30 - 8:00 tonight )  Assignment: Review for the quiz.

    Friday, September 14th - Quiz "Science Process".  Know the following: Definition of "Science" and "inference". Know the two types of observation: qualitative and quantitative. Be able to arrange steps of solving a scientific process in order.   Know how to measure length, volume, and mass and what metric tools and units are used.

      9-4 to 9-7

    Tuesday, Sept. 4th -  Notes given about observation vs making inferences.    Assignment: Inference Practice page is due Wednesday.

    Wednesday, Sept. 5th - MAP TESTING in the AM. Review "Qualitative and Qualitative Observation" Be able to give examples.

    Lesson: "Scientific Process" notes. (Watch this video)

    Thursday, Sept. 6th - MAP TESTING in AM

    Lesson: Scientific process and thinking. 

     Friday, Sept. 7th - How do scientists test their ideas? Notes on hypotheses and testing.

     

     

    Links below are from 2017-2018

    For Inside the Earth

    p. 26 -29

    p. 31 & 32

    p. 59 -62

    p. 68 - 72 

    p. 83 

    p. 88-89

     

    Energy or heat transfer - When fast-moving atoms or molecules hit slower-moving atoms or molecules and increase the speed of the slower (cooler) molecules, heat is transferred.This is called conduction.

    Conduction is the transfer of heat from one material to anothr by direct contact.

    Convection - movement of heat through a fluid as warm air or water rises and cool air or water sinks

    Radiation is the energy in the form of light and electromagnetic waves that reaches Earth from the Sun.  Fire, lamps, heat coils, and microwave ovens also warm objects with electromagnetic waves that travel through air or space.

     

     

     


    Lessons from 2017-2018

    Monday, April 23 - Assignment: Read pages 103 - 106 and write vocabulary (purple words and types of folds - anticlines, synclines, monoclines ) into your spiral.  Draw diagrams of folds and fault types and label the hanging wall and footwall. If absent, also read pages 107 -109 and take notes about kinds of mountains or watch "Brainpop Mountains."

    Tuesday, April 24th - In-class discussion and questions about earthquakes. 

    If absent, read pages 120 -123 and take notes. (Definitions including plastic deformation,seismology, and elastic rebound.) Thoroughly read the diagram on all pages.  Copy the chart on p. 122 top but not the big diagram.

     

    Wednesday, April 25th - Early Release schedule. Learn about Earthquake Waves  by playing the Brainpop Earthquake Game.  (login LMS47 and pword is lions).

    Earthquake Game - GameUp - BrainPOP.

    https://www.brainpop.com/games/earthquakegame/
     
    In this free science game, players locate an earthquake's epicenter! Can you ride the seismic waves? Or will triangulation get the better of you?

    Thursday, April 26th - Earthquake Waves activity and read pages 124 - 125.  Write notes about S-Waves, P-Waves and Surface Waves (L-Waves)

    Friday, April 27th - Bill Nye "Earthquake" and read pages 126 -128.

     

    Quiz on April 20th.

    • Continue to review the assignments from the last two weeks (below) for the Quiz on Fri 4/20. 
    • Understand Relative Dating and superposition, disturbed rock layers and rock layer puzzles
    • Know kinds of fossils and how fossils are used to date rocks and understand geologic time
    • Memorize layers of the earth from both models - composition Model and Physical Structure Model
    • See Review info on pgs 80 - 83 for chapte 3 and pgs 112 & 113 for chapter 4
    • Be ableto explain Continental Drift and Sea floor spreading and plate tectonics
    • Be able to draw and explain types of plate boundaries
    • Study your Fill-in -the -Blank Notes pages.
    • Reread the pages and Look at each page for vocabulary to know.

     

    Monday, April 16th - Tectonic Plate boundaries identified along with the features at each type of plate. We'll discuss student Plate Boundary Maps and watch the attached clips (below). Assignment is to read pages 99 - 102. Watch clips and draw simple diagrams and write definitions for the various plate boundaries.

     Tuesday, April 17th - Continuing model and discussion of Plate tectonics. 

    Wednesday, April 18th and Thursday April 19th - Quiz review

    Friday, April 20th - Quiz in class.

    Monday April 1st - Read pages 59 - 62  (P. 60 is at the end after p.62.) Take notes including the definitions of the blue and purple words.  Write the definitions and draw pictures for the terms "fault" fold" tilting, intrusion.

    Tuesday, April 2nd - Read pages 68 - 72 (pages out of order) and in your spiral under the heading "Fossils", write the blue and purple terms in a vertical list.  Write definitions only for the words you don't know. (permineralization for example.)

     Wednesday, April 3rd - We'll continue the "Rock and Fossil" layers page and do more Rock puzzles.  If you're absent, look at the diagram on p 83 of the rock layers (abcd etc) and list the layers and events (Fault, fold, etc) in order from oldest to youngest on a separate sheet of paper.

    2nd Period only - is assigned a reading and paper that is due Monday.

    This is a major assignment to be turned in Monday.  There is a multipage article to read about some fossils. Then write a "Claim"  about what happened to these particular dinos and list supporting evidence from the writing and then write  a paragraph explaining reasoning.  I'd like it to be typed and I'll also be collecting the article to look at how you marked up the paper to read or plan. 

    Thursday, April 4th - What does the Earth look like inside? Reading and discussion and drawing.  Notes from this week in the spiral will be checked on Friday.

    Friday, April 5th - More about layers of the Earth. Read pages 88-89 and  copy the diagram from page 89. 

    Wednesday, March 21st - We will continue to Whiteboard and discuss mineral labs using Claim/Evidence/Reasoning format. (If you are absent, read pages 12 & 13 and write a few notes about how minerals form.)

    Assignment (due Friday) -  Read pages 14 - 15 and write answers to these questions: 1) Name 3 important minerals needed for today's manufacturing and technology, 2) Where do these minerals come from? 3) How does mining cause water pollution ? 4) How else is the environment negatively impacted by mining? 4) What can you recycle or reuse to reduce the need for mining?

     

    Thursday, March 22nd - Time in class to work on "Mining" reading and questions.  

    (2nd period only) Read "Diamond studded pipes" with your partner and answer the questions.  If absent you'll need to get this when you return.

     

    Friday, March 23rd - "mining questions " assignment is due.  Notes taken over pages 56-59. (Read the pages and write the purple words and the definitions.) Watch the  Fossil Review animation.  Watch Bill Nye "Fossils" (LMS47 and password "lions") Have a nice Spring Break!

     

    Rocks and Minerals Test was on Monday the 19th. It covered:

    • Textbook pages 4 & 5& 6 & 8 - 11 (Minerals) and (Rocks and Rock cycle) 26-32 31 - 32.
    • Review worksheets completed and checked in class
    • Notes in student spiral notebook and lab notes
    • Rock cycle diagram sheet and Energy Bar Lab sheet.

    Tuesday, March 6th - Notes and discussion about "Rocks and Rock Cycle".  If absent, read pages 26 - 29 and take notes and copy the rock cycle diagram on pages 28 & 29 (link above). Use the glossary in the back of the book to write definitions of Igneous, Metamorphic and Sedimentary rocks. 

    Wednesday, March 7th - 4.1 Activity 2 "Rock Cycle Interactive Website"  - Worksheet due Friday. 

    Thursday, March 8th - Read and review pages 31 - 32. In-class continue "Rock Cycle Interactive Website". Due Friday.

     Friday, March 9th - Assignment due Monday - Choose a piece of candy that is a good model of a certain kind of rock.

     Tues Feb 20th

    • Assignment due Wed. -  read pages in textbook  (the pages on this link are out of order.)Read pages 48 - 51 (top).  Write 4 facts about "Tornadoes".
    • "Air Mass" partner page done in class.  Also we watched "Brainpop" Thunderstorms and took notes about lightning.

     Wednesday, Feb 21st -

    Assignment due TODAY- read pages in textbook  (the pages on this link are out of order so find the tornado page.)  Write 4 facts about "Tornadoes".

    • In-class we'll learn about weather "Air Masses" & "Fronts" (see link) and discuss tornadoes.
    • Assignment: Write 4 facts about "Hurricanes" .  Read pgs. 51-53.

     Feb 12th -

    Weather log is due today.  You must have entered an observation for Fri, Sat, and Sun.

    Due Monday - read pages 40 & 41 and write complete definitions of types of precipitation. 

     

     

    Monday, Feb 5th - Weekend weather log is due. In-class - follow-up discussion and diagrams of "Collapsing Liter Bottle" activity. 

     

    Tuesday, Feb. 6th - Do Weather Log. "Humidity and Relative Humidity" discussed in class - notes taken

    Asssignment due Wed: Read p. 36 and 37 and write vocabulary into your spiral notebook.  The water cycle portion was covered before, just be sure you know it.

     

     Wednesday, Feb 7th - Fill in weather log.

    Complete the water cycle particle pages. Use the links below to help you.

    What drives evaporation and transpiration?

    What does condensation cause?

    How does water move from the clouds to the land and sea?

    • Weather observations  - Log will be collected on Monday.

     

    Thursday, Feb 8th -In-class discussion of the particles changes in the water cycle.

    Weather log is due Monday.  You must enter an observation for Fri, Sat, and Sun.

    Assignment: Read pages 40 & 41 and write complete definitions of types of precipitation. 

    If you haven't watched "Brainpop humidity" watch and review the vocabulary.

    Jan 29th - Lesson: Convection demonstrations and discussion.  Assignment due Tues. - Read pages 18 and 19 "local winds" and copy and label the diagrams in your spiral notebook.

    ** Quiz corrections and signature due for any student who got below a C- on the quiz.Tuesday, Jan 30th - "Local Winds" diagrams and notes from p. 18 & 19 are due. We will begin a weather log in class and make entries every morning during class.  You will be responsible for doing entries on the weekend and on days you are absent.In-class we will take notes from pages 14 - 16.  (Plan to view Wed morning lunar eclipse - look for it between 5:48 and 6:45 AM.  It will be close to the Western horizon.) 

    Wednesday, Jan 31st -  lunar eclipse - look for it between 5:48 and 6:45 AM.  It will be close to the Western horizon. "Jet Stream" reading and text highlighting will be started in class and due Thursday.

    Monday, Jan 24th - Due Monday -  Read pages 12 & 13 and add vocabulary terms with definitions to your spiral notebook.  Complete the rest of the "Guided Notes - Heat Transfer" sheet.

    In-class - "Heating the Earth" activity. 

    Quiz on Friday over pages 10 - 13, lab notes and vocabulary about light and heat transfer.

    Tuesday, January 25th - Instruction and construction of a graph to display data for "sand and water heating and cooling" . 

     Wednesday, January 26th (Early Release) - Finish whiteboard discussion about the graphs and lab questions.  including completed graph and questions. Due Thursday: Review assignment "Heat Transfer".

     Thursday -Turn in lab packet including completed graph and questions. Review for quiz.  

     Assignment: Study for Friday "Heating and Energy" quiz. Read and review pages 10 - 13, study 2 review sheets, lab notes and vocabulary about light and heat transfer.

     Friday - Quiz . 

    Tuesday, January 17th - Read p. 11. Copy "conduction" and "convection" into your spiral with the definitions and fill in questions 1-5 on the "Guided Notes - Heat Transfer" sheet.

     Wednesday - Convection lab in class. Review definitions of types of heat transfer and learn the percents on p. 10 and in your notes.

     Thursday - Due Monday - Read pages 12 & 13 and add vocabulary terms with definitions to your spiral notebook.  Complete the rest of the "Guided Notes - Heat Transfer" sheet.

    Friday - Heat absorption" lab and whiteboard discussion.  If you are absent for the Bill Nye video about "Heat", see if you can watch it on youtube and take some notes.

     January 8th - 1) "Light" notes and activity and connections to how the Earth is heated.  Lab questions are done in class. Watch "Brainpop" "Light" (login d47 pword Lions)

     Tuesday, January 9th - Class discussion about light (lab) and notes.heat transfer by radiation from the sun. Read p. 10 in the textbook and copy the diagram showing absorption of energy by percent by different materials.

     Wednesday, January 10th - MAP Testing - Review for Thurs Quiz. Notes and reading about light and energy and heat transfer by radiation from the sun. Read p. 10 in the textbook and copy the diagram showing absorption of energy by percent by different materials.  Write the definition of "radiation" into your notes.

     Thursday, January 11th - MAP Testing - Quiz about layers of the atmosphere and properties of air. See notes, atmosphere diagram, and pages 4 - 9 in textbook. No assignment over the weekend ... Relax and enjoy your time off.

     

    Monday, December 18th - Read over this website about the sphere's of the atmosphere. Begin "layers of the Atmosphere" diagram  in class. This will be graded.  Be sure it's neat  and in color.  Follow the directions carefully. It's due end of class on Wednesday.

     Tuesday, December 19th -Continue the diagram.  If you are absent, watch Bill Nye "Atmosphere" to learn and take notes about air pressure.  

     Wednesday, December 20th -  Finish and turn in the atmosphere diagram.

    Thursday, December 21st - Quiz on Tuesday January 9th over "Air Properties" and "layers of the atmosphere" and all info and vocab pages 4-9 in the textbook.

     12/14 If absent, watch Brainpop "Earth's Atmosphere" and take notes. (Brainpop.com lms47 pword is lions).

    12/15 Friday - Short Quiz over "Earth's Spheres". Use the "Sphere's" resource page and your notes to study and the sheets from in class.

     Monday, Dec. 4th - Quiz today over groundwater vocabulary, groundwater diagram, and water cycle terms. (In your science spiral). 

    Study Guide for "Groundwater" Water on Earth CH1:  Section 3 

    Know all water cycle terms and definitions and reservoirs.

    Know the definitions of the following terms and where to place the features on a diagram.

    • zone of aeration (unsaturated zone)
    • zone of saturation
    • ground water
    • water table
    • aquifer – definition
    • porosity – definition
    • pores (pore space)
    • permeability – definition 
    • recharge zone
    • potable water
    • sinkhole
    • well - be able to identify a good location for a well

     Tuesday, Dec. 5th - Periods 1 & 2 go on field trip to water tower and well.  Periods 3 & 5 - "Earth's Spheres" lesson.

     Wednesday, Dec. 6th - (AM Music Assembly) "Earth's spheres" lesson

     Thursday, Dec. 7th -Periods 3 & 5 field trip to well and water tower. 

    Due Friday: Turn in signed quizzes (all students) and corrections (for below a "C"). **Optional retake for quiz on Monday.

    Friday, Dec. 8th - Earth's Spheres - read the article and be able to explain discuss each of the spheres, the role of the Sun, and examples of how the spheres interact.

     Monday, December 11th - Quiz retake option - be sure you know the terms listed above. Notes about the atmosphere

    Unit Test study guide Nov 12 - 21st

    • 1.1 and 1.2 labs and quizzes - "Cohesion", drops on a penny, why food dye "diffuses in water".
    • "State of Matter" Solid, liquid, gas properties that we've studied since the beginning of the year.
    • Notes about "Heat transfer and Conduction".  Notes: Conduction is the transfer of heat (energy) by direct contact. This is like the spoon getting hotter because it's touched by the hot water.  The fast moving molecules in the hot water cause the molecules that are touching it in the spoon to speed up. Conduction Eureka clip
    • 1.3 "Drying Out" activity.  Notes about evaporation and particle explanation of it.
    • Properties and differences of "states of matter".
    • All water cycle and reservoir terms

      All water cycle terms and definitions and reservoir names.

    Monday, Oct 30 - Complete Investigation 1.3.  Be sure lab questions are completely answered.  Please have quiz 1.2  signed and return it to school.

     Tuesday, Oct. 31st -  Notes about "Heat transfer and Conduction".  Notes: Conduction is the transfer of heat (energy) by direct contact. This is like the spoon getting hotter because it's touched by the hot water.  The fast moving molecules in the hot water cause the molecules that are touching it in the spoon to speed up. Conduction Eureka clip. Review notes nightly.

     Wednesday, Nov. 1st - Continue activity about conduction and view "states of matter" DVD and take notes.

      Thursday, Nov. 2nd - 1.3 "Drying Out" activity.  Notes about evaporation and particle explanation of it.

     Friday, Nov. 3rd - Wrap up what we've learned about "particle motion", conduction, heat transfer, and states-of-matter.

    Tuesday, Nov 7th - "Water Cycle" assignment and reading. 

     Wednesday, Nov 8th - "Water Cycle" and "States of Matter" lessons. Be sure you have tyrned in the "Drying Out" questions.

     Thursday, Nov 9th - Due Monday - read "Student Reading" and highlight the key (topic) sentence in each paragraph.  Quiz on Wednesday, Nov 15th. You will need to KNOW/MEMORIZE water cycle process terms and the names of the 10 reservoirs s well as concepts about "states of matter".

     Friday, Nov. 10th -  AM Veterans' Day Assembly and PM Activity Night.  In class we'll continue and finish the Hydrosphere Flow Charts.

     Oct. 23rd - Quiz Friday over 1.2 "Particles in Motion" , "Hot and Cold", and "states of Matter.  Add "diffusion" definition to notes (below).  If absent or for review, see video clips on diffusion and particle motion of solids, liquids, and gasses. Due Wednesday complete "Hot and Cold Closure" questions.  

     Tuesday, Oct. 24th - For Wednesday, thoroughly and carefully, complete "Hot and Cold Closure" questions.   This is preparation for the quiz and it will be graded.

     Wednesday, Oct 25th - Particle movement in liquids, solids, and gasses. "Hot and Cold Closure" is due.

     Thursday, Oct 26th - "Energy and particle movement". Quiz review.

     Friday, Oct. 27th - Quiz over 1.2. Closure ques turned in.

     Monday, Oct. 16th - Excursion (walking) to study Lake and watershed.

    Tuesday, Oct. 17th - Begin Investigation 1.2 Activity 2.   Quiz next Wednesday (10/25) over "1.2 Particle movement in water".

    Wednesday, Oct 18th - (Early Release) We'll go over Activity 2 in class. Conferences 5 - 8 pm

     Monday, Oct. 9th - No School

    Tuesday, October 10th - In-class we'll continue "Water Distribution" discussion.  Assignment:  Complete the pie chart and bar graph neatly and in color. 

    Wednesday, October 11th - Be sure that 1.2 Activity 1 sheet is carefully and neatly filled in.

     Thursday, October 12th - Permission for field trip is due by 2:30 PM today. Be sure that 1.2 Activity 1 sheet is carefully and neatly filled in.

     Friday, October 13th -   In class we'll do 1.2 Activity 2 to further understand the properties and particle motion of liquids.

     Tuesday, October 3rd - (Sports Day) - "Water on Earth" notes .Wednesday, October 4th (Pink Out Day) - (Periods 1,3,5) In textbook, read pages 4 - 7 (top) and fill in the vocabulary section on the sheet that was handed out. (Do not do the "Water in Ground " section.) Everyone in 1st and 3rd per. finished this.  2nd period answered watershed/river questions fro another book and finished in class.

    Thursday, October 5th (Superhero Day) - All students are to share their quiz with their parents and have it initialled and return it to me by Fri.  Water distribution activity in class. No assignment.

     Friday , October 6th Spirit Day and Assembly - Wear Black Lundahl shirt! Have permission slip for "Lake Walk" signed and return it Tuesday.  No asssignment. Have a relaxing weekend.

     

    Monday, September 25th - Activity 1.1 Lab 4"Investigating Water's Capability to Climb". Be sure this lab is completely filled in.

     Tuesday, September 26th - Speaker from McHenry Environmental Education

     Wednesday, September 27th -  Assignment: Carefully and thoughtfully complete Closure Questions (This is the Quiz Review.) Due Friday morning when you walk into class.

     Thursday, September 28th - 1.1 Activity 2 "Exploring Liquids".  Work on "Closure Questions".

     Friday September 29th - Study for the quiz on Monday. 

     

    Monday, September 18th - "What's matter??" Discussion of "matter", "stuff" , and intro to water properties.

     Tuesday September 19th - Investigation 1.1 Lab 1 "Water's capability to hold together". Activity and discussion.

                Assignment due Thursday:  Complete your lab sheets for Lab 1 and Lab 2. Be sure all of the questions are fully             answered.

     Wednesday, September 20th -  Investigation 1.1: Lab 2"Water's ability to stretch." Activity and discussion

    Thursday September 21st - Investigation 1.1: Lab 3

     Friday September 22nd - Autumnal Equinox - discussion of "Why do we have seasons?"

     Assignment due Monday:  Complete your lab sheets for Lab 1 and Lab 2. Be sure all of the questions are fully   answered.

     

     

     

     

    Energy or heat transfer - When fast-moving atoms or molecules hit slower-moving atoms or molecules and increase the speed of the slower (cooler) molecules, heat is transferred.This is called conduction.

    Conduction is the transfer of heat from one material to anothr by direct contact.

    Convection - movement of heat through a fluid as warm air or water rises and cool air or water sinks

    Radiation is the energy in the form of light and electromagnetic waves that reaches Earth from the Sun.  Fire, lamps, heat coils, and microwave ovens also warm objects with electromagnetic waves that travel through air or space.

    Refraction

    Reflection

    Absorption

    Heat

    Temperature

    Greenhouse Effect

    Radiation Balance

    Know all water cycle terms plus vocabulary From Unit 1 below

    Cohesion - when a substance sticks to itself or is attracted to itself like water to water

    Adhesion - when a substance sticks to a different substance like water to paper towel

    Surface Tension - the tight connection of water particles at the surface which forma a "skin" or barrier like the surface tension allowing the paper clip to stay at the surface

    Capillary Action - when water moves into the pore spaces in a material and due to adhesion and cohesion and surface tension, the water moves up - like water moving up the paper towel from beaker to beaker.

    Diffusion - The movement of molecules from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration.